Cream -> Ice
Cream Varieties -> Frozen Ice Cream
Frozen Ice Cream
Once upon a time, hundreds
of years ago, Charles I of England hosted a sumptuous state
banquet for many of his friends and family. The meal, consisting
of many delicacies of the day, had been simply superb but
the "coup de grace" was yet to come. After much
preparation, the King's French chef had concocted an apparently
It was cold and resembled
fresh-fallen snow but was much creamier and sweeter than any
other after-dinner dessert. The guests were delighted, as
was Charles, who summoned the cook and asked him not to divulge
cream recipe for his frozen cream.
The King wanted the delicacy
to be served only at the Royal table and offered the cook
500 pounds a year to keep it that way. Sometime later, however,
poor Charles fell into disfavor with his people and was beheaded
in 1649. But by that time, the secret
of the frozen cream remained a secret no more.
The cook, named DeMirco, had not kept his promise.
It is likely that ice
cream was not invented, but rather came to be
over years of similar efforts. The Roman Emperor Nero Claudius
Caesar is said to have sent slaves to the mountains to bring
snow and ice to cool and freeze the fruit drinks he was so
fond of. Centuries later, the Italian Marco Polo returned
from his famous journey to the Far East with a recipe for
making water ices resembling modern day sherbets.
In 1773, a caterer named Phillip Lenz announced in a New York
newspaper that he had just arrived from London and would be
offering for sale various confections, including ice
cream . Mrs. Dolly Madison, wife of U.S. President
James Madison. also served ice cream at her husband's Inaugural
Ball in 1813.
The first improvement in the
manufacture of Frozen ice cream (from the handmade way in
a large bowl) was by a New Jersey woman, Nancy Johnson, who
in 1845 invented the hand-cranked freezer.
This device is still familiar
to many. By turning the freezer handle, they agitated a container
of ice cream mix in a bed of salt and ice until the mix was
frozen. Because Nancy Johnson lacked the foresight to have
her invention patented, her name ice cream recipes does not appear on the patent
records. A similar type of freezer was, however, patented
on May 29, 1849, by a Mr. Young who at least had the courtesy
to call it the "Johnson Patent Ice Cream Freezer".
Commercial production was
begun in North America in Baltimore, Maryland, 1850, by Mr.
Jacob Fusel, now known as the father of the American ice cream
About 1926 the first commercially-successful
continuous process freezer was perfected. The continuous freezer,
developed by Clarence Vogt, and later ones produced by other
manufacturers, has allowed the ice cream industry to become
a mass producer of its product.
The first Canadian to start
ice cream was Thomas Webb of Toronto, a confectioner,
around 1851. William Neilson produced his first commercial
batch of ice cream on Gladstone Ave. in Toronto in 1892, and
his company produced ice cream at that location for close
to 200 years.